Ordinary Cubans Embrace Cryptocurrency to Bypass Crippling Sanctions

Ordinary Cubans are increasingly embracing cryptocurrency as a means to circumvent economic sanctions.

Jason Sanchez, a 35-year-old Havan-local, recently told Reuters that he uses cryptocurrencies to purchase hardware for his cellphone repair shop.

The roll-out of mobile internet during December 2018 comprised the catalyst for increasing Cuban cryptocurrency adoption, with many ordinary citizens utilizing crypto to bypass economic sanctions and access the global market.

“This is really opening new doors for us.”

The founder of the Cuban Telegram CubaCripto, Alex Sobrino, estimates that 10,000 Cubans use cryptocurrencies for a variety of activities, including purchasing phone credit, making online purchases, and even reserving hotel rooms.

Crypto Facilitates Aid Distribution in Cuba

Adrian Leon, the founder of Fusyona - a company describing itself as the country’s first cryptocurrency exchange - says virtual currencies are a solution to the “exclusion” of Cubans “from the global financial community.”

While most cryptocurrency purchases are made face to face for cash in Cuba, Fusyona acts as a middle-man between individuals located outside of the country seeking to remit funds into Cuba and local crypto buyers, charging a fee of up to 10 percent. The platform currently has a user base of roughly 1,300.

The sanctions imposed on Cuba go beyond commercial activity, with GoFundMe and Facebook platforms that were raising funds for the victims of the tornado that struck Havana during January being shut down as a consequence of the financial blockade.

At the time, Fusyona began collecting donations in BTC, which were then used to purchase basic products and distributed to victims of the disaster.

States Look to Virtual Currencies to Bypass Sanctions

Virtual currencies are increasingly being seen as a means to bypass economic sanctions at the state level. In July, Cuba’s government announced that it was exploring distributed ledger technology as a means to mitigate declining economic conditions.

Should Cuba pursue blockchain technology, it will be joining an increasing number of nations seeking to circumvent the prevailing global financial orthodoxy.

Mark Thornton, a senior at the Mises Institute, told CCN that nations such as China and Russia feel “belittled by the United States” and “underrepresented on the world stage,” and “will take advantage of any opportunities that blockchain technology presents.”

Nicholas Krapels, DarcMatter’s head of business development in China, told CCN that Beijing's motivation in launching its central bank digital currency may be to “delay the onset of a Chinese debt crisis for long enough” to allow alternative economic institutions such as the BRICS’ New Development Bank to develop.

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Samuel Haig

Samuel Haig is a journalist who has been completely obsessed with Bitcoin and cryptocurrency since 2012. Samuel lives in Tasmania, Australia, where he attended the University of Tasmania and majored in political science and journalism, media and communications. Samuel has written about the dialectics of decentralization and is also a kangaroo riding enthusiast.

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