On Friday, the global market cheered the completion of a phase one deal between the U.S. and China, leading the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) to rally. But experts in China say the deal merely represents temporary reconciliation and does not indicate all trade-related issues are resolved.
From Dec.11 to 13, the Dow Jones spiked from 27,830 to 28,135 following a 300-point increase during the previous week.
According to Wang Jun, deputy director of the China Center for International Economic Exchanges, the phase one agreement cannot be considered as complete ceasefire .
Jun emphasized that relations between the U.S. and China are unlikely to return to the pre-trade war era.
The phase one deal is temporary reconciliation, not complete ceasefire, between China and the US. It’s difficult for the two countries’ relations to return to where they were before the trade war broke. I don’t think they can get solved as easily as the issues covered in the phase one deals.
Whether the Dow Jones is pricing in more than what the phase one deal actually represents remains to be seen. Goldman Sachs said that the rollback of tariffs as a part of the deal is smaller than expected.
Mei Xiny, an expert close to China’s commerce ministry, told state-owned newspaper the Global Times that accidents could happen during the implementation phase. Xiny suggested that the U.S. and China reaching consensus does not automatically translate to a done deal .
“The Chinese government should be prepared at any time to deal with [any changes],” said Xiny.
The ongoing Dow Jones rally is fueled by three fundamental factors: the progress in the trade talks, strong U.S. jobs data and the accomodative stance of the Federal Reserve.
The Dow saw intense upside during the past three days because the trade deal was a major breakthrough after months of delay.
The deal took much longer time than expected due to sensitivity around Chinese industrial reforms.
China, as reflected in the statement of Commerce Vice Minister Wang Shouwen, has been able to describe the deal as a win for the country. Wang said:
These measures are in line with our reforms to strengthen IP protection, and this will also help China promote its economic development.
But, as Global Times chief editor Hu Xijin said, some have criticized that China caved in by agreeing to a deal that harms its national interests. Implementing the deal would be even more difficult than reaching consensus between the two countries.
The Dow Jones has stalled after the initial hopium faded, leaving investors pondering whether the market has enough fuel to sustain the current momentum.
The Dow global equity markets are likely to respond with an extended pullback given what they have priced in, if the implementation phase gets delayed like the initial discussions for the phase one deal.
To avoid a correction in the imminent future, the Dow Jones still requires an extra catalyst heading into the first quarter of 2020.
The Federal Reserve is reportedly eyeing a rate hike in 2021 and is not likely to increase the benchmark interest rate anytime soon.