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Here’s Why Ford Motor Company Still Can’t Avoid Bankruptcy

Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:37 PM
Ayush Singh
Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:37 PM
  • Ford stock has entered a free fall, touching 11-year lows.
  • The company reported losses in Q4 earnings and was only able to pay dividends because of its financial arm.
  • Steeply rising auto loan delinquencies and a weak industry outlook will push Ford Motor Company into bankruptcy.

Ford Motor Company (NYSE:F) stock has tanked since I last wrote about the company’s unavoidable bankruptcy. After reporting depressing fourth-quarter earnings , the stock is trading near 11-year lows.

Ford Motor Company stock price
Ford stock collapsed in February to near 11-year lows. |Source: Yahoo! Finance 

The automaker’s revenue fell 5% to $39.7 billion and losses for the quarter were $1.7 billion. Ford struggled to grow market share in all of its key regions. Its expansion plans didn’t bear fruit, and the failed execution led to massive losses.

Yet Ford Credit Company, the company’s financial arm, posted its best results in nine years. Profits jumped to $3 billion before taxes, meaning it’s responsible for 50% of Ford’s profits – up from 15 to 20% in the past.

Ford Credit Company share of profits
Ford Credit Company is driving profits. | Source: Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance

Ford Credit Company has subsidized Ford’s losses and enabled the company to maintain a high dividend yield.

But judging by the data released by the New York Fed , the superior performance of Ford’s financial arm may not last long.

A Subprime Auto Loan Crisis is Imminent

The damning data released by the New York Fed showed that the volume of 90+ days delinquent loans had risen sharply.

Auto loan delinquency
A steep rise in auto loan delinquency spells trouble for Ford. | Source: New York Fed 

The value of the overall auto loan and lease balances has surged to $1.33 trillion. Worse, subprime loans reached $66 billion in the final quarter of 2019.

Ford Motor Credit Company doesn’t lend to high-risk subprime borrowers. So, it doesn’t have a high delinquency rate. But Ford Motor’s increasing dependence on its financial arm is a cause for concern.

Since not all Ford debtors are prime borrowers, the imminent pop of the sub-prime bubble will hurt the company. The auto loan lending business has thin margins. Even a slight increase in delinquencies can have a severe impact on profits.

Auto Industry Recession Will Hit Ford

Many investors buy Ford for its high dividend yield. But the high yield has been unable to prevent the stock’s free fall. This may be because investors know Ford’s dividend is unsustainable, and a dividend cut is right around the corner.

And a subprime loan crisis, combined with an auto industry recession, can trigger a steep dividend cut.

U.S. car sales have witnessed no growth over the last few years. For 2019, sales topped 17 million units, but still edged lower  compared to 2018.

Car sales flat lined.
The U.S. car market has flat-lined. | Source: Wolf Street 

What’s worth noting is that car sales have remained flat despite the rise in auto-loans.

Auto loans rising
Only student loans have outpaced car loans in the U.S. | Source: Knoema 

It seems like the only thing supporting car sales – and automaker profit margins – is the rise in subprime loans. The situation is reminiscent of the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007.

Clearly, the U.S. auto market is in terrible shape. Lenient lending practices have kicked the can further down the road, but that won’t last forever.

In addition, the situation in China, which is another key market for auto manufacturers, is dire. To contain the spread of coronavirus, hundreds of millions of people in China have been living under some form of quarantine.

This has taken a toll on the Chinese car market. Sales plunged 92% for the first two weeks of February. The situation forced the hand of carmakers, who are set to cut production by 15%. 

The outlook for the automobile industry looks gloomy. And with subprime loans already at record levels, the next downcycle in the automobile industry will be worse than the last one.

Given that Ford barely survived the last recession, the chances of it surviving the next one are close to zero.