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Bitcoin Halving, Explained

Last Updated July 14, 2023 9:34 AM
Andrew Kamsky
Last Updated July 14, 2023 9:34 AM

Key Takeaways

  1. Bitcoin halving reduces supply, increases scarcity, and potentially leads to price appreciation.
  2. Mining rewards decrease, impacting profitability and requiring miners to find more efficient mining methods.
  3. Approximately 1.3 million Bitcoins left to be mined after the Bitcoin halving in 2024.
  4. HODLing, dollar-cost averaging, research, risk management, and seeking professional advice for guidance are good avenues to speculate on Bitcoin.

What Is Bitcoin Halving?

The Bitcoin network operates through a decentralized system where network participants, known as miners, validate transactions and secure the network by solving complex mathematical problems. In return for their efforts, miners are rewarded with newly minted Bitcoins (BTC).

The Bitcoin halving cycle is an event in the Bitcoin blockchain that occurs approximately every four years or 210,000 blocks. During a halving event, the reward for mining Bitcoin transactions is reduced by half. This reduction affects the rate at which new Bitcoins are created and ultimately lowers the available supply of new coins.

The total supply of Bitcoin is limited to 21 million coins. The final halving event is projected to happen in the year 2140, when the maximum supply of 21 million Bitcoins will be reached and the mining reward reduced to zero after that date.

How Bitcoin halving impacts the supply and mining rewards?

During the  halving event, the number of new Bitcoins created and rewarded to miners for validating transactions is reduced by half. This reduction is programmed into the Bitcoin protocol and is designed to control the inflation rate and ensure a finite supply of Bitcoins.

When a halving occurs, the supply of new Bitcoins entering the market decreases. The Bitcoin halving schedule has moved as follows over its lifespan:

  • 2012: The block reward was reduced from 50 to 25 Bitcoins per block.
  • 2016: Reduced from 25 to 12.5 Bitcoins. 
  • 2020: The last Bitcoin halving reduced the reward from 12.5 to 6.25 Bitcoins. 
  • 2024: Currently at 6.25 to be reduced to 3.13 Bitcoins approximately in the next Bitcoin halving date scheduled for April 2024. 
  • 2140: The final halving year that will result in the 21 million Bitcoin cap being reached. No more Bitcoin will be mined after this date.

As the supply decreases, this increased scarcity historically results in upward pressure on the price of Bitcoin, as the shock in supply boosts demand. Miners, on the other hand, experience a direct impact on their profitability. Since the block reward is halved, miners receive fewer Bitcoins for their mining efforts. This puts pressure on mining operations, particularly those with higher operational costs, as they need to find more efficient ways to mine or adjust their strategies to maintain profitability.

Overall, Bitcoin halving events play a crucial role in regulating the supply and mining rewards of Bitcoin, with implications for both the market price and the economics of mining.

The Bitcoin Halving Performance 

The following section will focus on price appreciation of the Bitcoin halving dates history 150 days post halving:


The first Bitcoin halving took place on November 28th, 2012, reducing the block reward from 50 BTC to 25 BTC. The price of Bitcoin was $12.35 on that day. 150 days later, the price had increased to $127.00.


The second halving occurred in 2016 on July 9th. Before the halving, the block reward was 25 BTC, which was reduced to 12.5 BTC. The price of Bitcoin on the halving day was $650.63, and it rose to $758.81 150 days later.


The third halving occurred on May 11, 2020. Before the halving, the block reward was 12.5 BTC, and it was reduced to 6.25 BTC. On the halving day, the price of Bitcoin was $8821.42, and it increased to $10,943.00 150 days later.


After the next Bitcoin halving in 2024, the mining reward will be further reduced from the current 6.25 Bitcoins per block to 3.125 Bitcoins per block. This reduction will continue the trend of diminishing the rate at which new Bitcoins are created and introduced into circulation.

In terms of the total number of Bitcoins left to be mined, it’s important to note that Bitcoin has a finite supply of 21 million coins. Approximately 19.7 million Bitcoins would have been mined by 2024 halving. After the 2024 halving, there will be approximately 1.3 million Bitcoins left to be mined until the maximum supply is reached. To date the impact of the Bitcoin halving on the Bitcoin price has been positive resulting in higher prices. It’s worth noting that the rate of mining will continue to decrease over time, making the remaining Bitcoins progressively harder to mine.

The Effects Of Bitcoin Halving 

The Bitcoin halving countdown effects can be observed in several aspects of the cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Impact On Bitcoin’s Price And Market Dynamics 

Bitcoin halving has historically been associated with a bullish trend in the price of Bitcoin. The reduction in the rate of new Bitcoin creation and the sense of scarcity created by halving events can drive up demand and increase Bitcoin’s value over time. However, the market dynamics surrounding Bitcoin are influenced by various factors, including speculation and market sentiment, which can contribute to price volatility.

Influence On Mining Profitability And Network Security 

Bitcoin halving affects mining profitability by doubling the costs of mining, forcing less efficient miners to shut down their operations. The reduction in block rewards decreases miners’ revenues, leading to lower energy consumption as miners tighten their belts where necessary. This shift towards more efficient mining operations contributes to network security as only the most cost-efficient miners sustain their operations.

Role Of Bitcoin Halving In Controlling Inflation And Scarcity 

Bitcoin halving events are designed to control inflation by reducing the rate at which new Bitcoins are created, preserving the purchasing power of the cryptocurrency. Additionally, halving events create a sense of scarcity, which can drive up demand for Bitcoin over time. 

Market Expectations And Speculation 

Market expectations and speculation surrounding Bitcoin halving have been a topic of interest among analysts and experts. Here is some analysis of market sentiments concerning Bitcoin halving:

Market Expectations And Sentiment 

Some crypto analysts, like myself, who have been watching the price of Bitcoin for just under a decade, believe Bitcoin could experience a significant rally leading up to the next halving event, in April 2024, which could propel its price as high as $35,000 – $50,000.

Predictions And Projections 

Various predictions have been made regarding Bitcoin’s price performance before and after halving. According to time analysis data, Bitcoin’s price  could reach as high as $98,000 or even $260,000 by October 2025. However, there is also less agreement on the duration and extent of the rally, as well as the potential volatility in the crypto market leading up to halving.

Comparison Of Past Halving Events 

Previous halving events have been associated with significant price surges for Bitcoin. Each halving has been followed by a bullish trend in the price of Bitcoin, generating substantial returns for investors. While past performance is not indicative of future results, these historical patterns have contributed to the anticipation and speculation surrounding the next halving event.

Strategies For Navigating The Halving Cycle 

Strategies may vary depending on individual risk tolerance and investment goals, here are some general approaches to consider:

  1. Long-term HODLing: One strategy is to “HODL” Bitcoin, which means holding onto it for the long term. This approach aims to capture price appreciation over time, capitalizing on historical patterns of post-halving price rallies.
  2. Dollar-cost averaging: Where investors allocate a fixed amount of funds to buy Bitcoin at regular intervals, regardless of price. This approach mitigates  short-term price fluctuations and allows for gradual accumulation of Bitcoin over time.
  3. Research and analysis: Staying informed and conducting research is crucial during the halving cycle. This involves keeping up with expert opinions, market trends, and historical data for informed decision-making. Analyzing indicators, sentiment, and news can help identify buying or selling opportunities.
  4. Risk management and diversification: Setting investment goals, defining risk tolerance, and establishing stop-loss or profit-taking levels contribute to effective risk management. A strategy may be to use the volatility that comes with the halving to find entry and exit points.
  5. Active trading and technical analysis: For individuals with the time, expertise, and risk appetite, active trading and technical analysis can be employed during the halving cycle. This strategy involves closely monitoring price charts, identifying patterns, and executing trades based on market movements. It requires a deeper understanding of technical analysis indicators and trading strategies.
  6. Utilizing professional advice: Engaging with professional financial advisors or experienced cryptocurrency traders who can provide valuable insights and guidance tailored to individual circumstances. Their expertise and experience can assist in formulating effective strategies and navigating the halving cycle with a personalized approach.


To navigate the future halving events successfully, staying informed and conducting thorough research remains key. Analyzing expert opinions, market trends, historical data, and indicators can help make informed investment decisions. Essentially, it is important to just remain informed at a pace that matches the level of investment made in this space. Additionally, implementing risk management strategies, such as diversification and setting clear goals, is essential for mitigating potential risks and optimizing investment outcomes.


What is Bitcoin halving? 

Bitcoin halving is an event that occurs approximately every four years, reducing the mining reward by half and impacting the rate at which new Bitcoins are created.

How does Bitcoin halving impact supply and mining rewards? 

Bitcoin halving reduces the supply of new Bitcoins and affects mining rewards, potentially leading to increased scarcity and upward price pressure. Miners receive fewer Bitcoins for their efforts, impacting their profitability.

How many Bitcoins are left to be mined after the 2024 halving? 

After the 2024 halving, there will be approximately 1.3 million Bitcoins left to be mined until the maximum supply of 21 million is reached.

What are some strategies for navigating the halving cycle?

Strategies for navigating the halving cycle include long-term HODLing, dollar-cost averaging, research and analysis, risk management and diversification, and seeking professional advice for personalized guidance


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