Tesla is Slowly Pushing Germany Into Recession

Germany is on the brink of recession as its auto industry hits a 22 year low. Tesla - and the EV movement - has disrupted the backbone of Germany's economy.
Posted in: Markets
Published:
February 23, 2020 3:41 PM UTC
  • Germany is on the brink of recession after growth slowed to zero in the last quarter.
  • The economy is being dragged down by a seismic slump in car manufacturing.
  • The Tesla effect – and the shift to electric vehicles – is leaving Germany in dire straits.

Germany’s economy is on the verge of recession as its once-illustrious car making industry falters. It’s no stretch to say that Tesla has disrupted the very backbone of Europe’s largest economy.

A German engineer put it best when he called Tesla an ‘existential threat’ to the entire German automotive industry and urged the country’s CEOs to ‘do better’:

Your ambitions for electric vehicles are falling short of consumer expectations. Those expectations have been set from your strongest competitor today and in the future, Tesla.

The Tesla Model 3 is outselling every major German rival in US sales and in Europe. Source: CleanTechnica

Germany on the brink of recession

The latest economic figures out of Germany aren’t pretty: zero growth for the fourth quarter. The country is now teetering on recession.

Andrew Kenningham of Capital Economics stated:

We think the economy will continue to flirt with recession in the first half of this year.

Chief among the problems is a rapid decline in auto manufacturing and exports.

Germany’s car industry facing its Detroit moment

Reuters compared the challenge facing Germany with 1970s Detroit, where a rapid decline in the auto industry decimated the entire city.

This is no exaggeration.

Germany’s auto industry has slumped to a 22-year low, putting almost 1 million jobs at risk. A tenth of those jobs are expected to disappear in the next decade. Cuts will take place at carmakers themselves (BMW, Volkswagen, Daimler) and suppliers in the region (Michelin, Bosch, Continental).

In some areas of the country, auto-workers make up 15% of the workforce. The effect of these cuts on spending, consumption and GDP is hard to even quantify.

Volkmar Denner, CEO of Bosch after announcing thousands of jobs cuts at the auto supplier, noted:

It could well be that we have passed the peak of automotive production.

Tesla domination spreads to Europe

Most of the challenges facing Germany’s automative industry can be traced to the rising demand for electric cars.

When Tesla launched the Model 3 in Europe last year, it instantly outsold rival sedans at BMW and Mercedes. It was the third best-selling car, period, in December. Elon Musk is now readying a Tesla gigafactory in Germany itself to capitalize on demand.

US car sales peaked in 2016 and have been decreasing ever since, while EV sales are increasing year by year – German engineer.

Problem is, electric cars don’t require the same workforce to build. As Reuters writes, ‘electric cars provide less assembly work than combustion engine vehicles.’

Stefan Bratzel, German Center of Automotive Management explained:

The transition [to electric] could well mark the end of the golden age for cars as a mass employer.

The Tesla effect

This isn’t just about Tesla’s sales numbers either. It’s a bigger shift. From day one, Tesla’s goal has been to ‘accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy.’

They’ve been incredibly successful. Tesla has forced the entire automotive industry to shift to electric vehicles and brought down the cost of EVs. It’s a move that Germany’s car companies have been too slow to adapt to.

Indeed, a German engineer added:

It is time to face the uncomfortable truth that the German automakers do not have a single car, be it a gas/diesel car or an electric car, in production or in development today that can compete with the Model 3.

It’s not just Europe. Demand for Tesla vehicles in crucial markets like China is soaring. While demand for Germany’s cars has declined for 17 months straight.

Analysts have speculated about this Tesla disruption for years, but with Germany now on the brink of recession, the reality is finally hitting home. If Germany’s car companies don’t act now, the country may enter a crippling downturn.

Samburaj Das edited this article for CCN.com. If you see a breach of our Code of Ethics or Rights and Duties of the Editor or find a factual, spelling, or grammar error, please contact us.

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Ben Brown @_ben_brown

Ben is a journalist with a decade of experience covering financial markets. Based in London, UK, his writing has appeared in The Huffington Post and he was Chief Editor at Block Explorer, the world's longest-running source of Blockchain data. Reach him at benjamin-brown.uk or on Twitter at _Ben_Brown. Email ben @ benjamin-brown.uk.

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