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What Is A Crypto Index Fund, How To Invest In It?

Published July 10, 2023 10:26 AM
Alisha Bains
Published July 10, 2023 10:26 AM

Key Takeaways

  • Crypto index funds let investors participate in a diversified portfolio of cryptocurrencies that track a specified index or market segment.
  • Crypto index funds offer passive investment strategy, eliminating coin selection and portfolio management.
  • Professional management maintains index tracking and fund rebalancing.
  • While correlations may exist between traditional markets like the S&P 500 and the crypto market, cryptocurrencies operate independently.

Crypto Index Fund, Explained

A crypto index fund is an investment vehicle that enables investors to expose themselves to a diverse array of cryptocurrencies. A cryptocurrency index fund, like traditional index funds, monitors a certain index, either the performance of a certain market sector or a collection of cryptocurrencies. 

Investors can acquire broad exposure to the cryptocurrency market without having to pick and handle numerous cryptocurrencies individually by investing in a crypto index fund. The fund offers clients a passive investment strategy for the cryptocurrency market by periodically adjusting its holdings and allocations to reflect changes in the underlying index.

How Does A Crypto Index Fund Work?

A crypto index fund monitors the performance of a particular cryptocurrency index or a predetermined basket of cryptocurrencies. A crypto index fund typically operates as follows:

Index Selection

The fund manager chooses an index representing a certain market sector or a diverse collection of cryptocurrencies. Market-cap-weighted indices or indices that concentrate on particular segments or themes of the crypto market are frequent examples.

Asset Allocation

 Based on the selected index, the fund manager chooses the ideal asset allocation for the index fund. This entails figuring out how the fund’s portfolio should be composed and weighted in relation to other cryptocurrencies. Periodically changing the allocation to reflect changes in the index is possible.

Fund Creation

The cryptocurrency index fund is established, and investors may purchase units or shares of the fund. These shares represent a fraction of ownership in the fund’s underlying assets.

Tracking the Index

The fund holds a mix of cryptocurrencies that closely resembles the index’s composition to duplicate the performance of the chosen index. The fund manager may periodically rebalance the portfolio to keep it aligned with the index’s weighting.

Dividends And Reinvestment

Some cryptocurrency index funds reinvest dividends or profits from the underlying assets back into the fund, raising the overall value of the investment. Others can give investors dividends through extra shares or cash payments.

Professional Management

Experts in investing are in charge of the fund’s operations, including portfolio management, rebalancing, and index performance tracking. Investors rely on the fund manager’s knowledge to make educated decisions about the holdings and allocation of the fund.

Liquidity And Accessibility

Investors have simple access to cryptocurrency index funds because they are often made available through exchanges or investing platforms. Investors may buy or sell fund shares at the current market price, providing liquidity and flexibility in managing investments.

Rather than depending just on the success of one cryptocurrency, investors can diversify risk across various assets by investing in a crypto index fund, which gives them access to a diverse portfolio of cryptocurrencies. It offers a passive investment strategy for those who want more exposure to the cryptocurrency industry without having to actively manage their portfolios.

Examples Of Crypto Index Funds

There are several examples of crypto index funds available in the market. Here are a few well-known examples:

Grayscale Digital Large Cap Fund

Litecoin (LTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Chainlink (LINK), Ethereum (ETH), and Bitcoin (BTC) are some of the large-cap cryptocurrencies that are a part of Grayscale Investments’ Grayscale Digital Large Cap Fund.

Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund

The Bitwise 10 Large Cap Crypto Index is followed by the Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund, which is run by Bitwise Asset Management. The index includes Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple (XRP), and the other ten most valuable cryptocurrencies according to market capitalization.

Galaxy Crypto Index Fund

The Galaxy Crypto Index Fund is designed to closely track the Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index, focusing on market capitalization weighting. The fund includes 12 digital currencies, with a maximum individual coin weighting of 35%. 

The fund, under the ticker symbol BGCI, was established in August 2017, making it one of the longer-standing options in the crypto index fund market.

Bitcoin and Ethereum collectively make up 70% of the portfolio, while the remaining allocation includes Cardano (ADA), Solana (SOL), Avalanche (AVAX), Polkadot (DOT), Polygon (MATIC), Cosmos (ATOM), Litecoin, Chainlink, Uniswap (UNI), and Algorand (ALGO). 

Nasdaq Crypto Index Fund

Launched in 2020, the Nasdaq Crypto Index Fund has gained popularity among investors seeking a consolidated and professionally managed investment option. The fund aims to track the performance of a substantial portion of the digital asset market and serve as a benchmark for institutional investments in this emerging asset class. 

With a dynamic design, the Nasdaq Crypto Index seeks to provide a broad market representation while remaining easily trackable for investors. The fund enables diversification and exposure to the evolving digital asset landscape, catering to the growing demand for institutional-grade crypto investment products.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Crypto Index Funds

Advantages Of Crypto Index Funds

  • Diversification: Spreads risk over various assets and gives access to a diversified portfolio of cryptocurrencies.
  • Passive investment: Offers a passive investment method, eliminating the need for active portfolio management and coin selection for each trade.
  • Convenience: Offers access to the larger crypto market with a single investment vehicle.
  • Professional management: Benefits from the experience of qualified fund managers who take care of portfolio construction and rebalancing.
  • Liquidity: High levels of liquidity are typically provided, enabling investors to buy or sell shares at current market rates.

Disadvantages Of Cryptocurrency Index Funds

  • Limited control: The choice and weighting of particular cryptocurrencies within the fund are subject to limited investor control.
  • Fees: Management fees and expense ratios in cryptocurrency index funds may affect overall results.
  • Market dependence: Since performance is correlated with the general market, declines or turbulence in the cryptocurrency market may impact fund returns.
  • Tracking error: The fund’s performance might not exactly match that of the index because of things like fees, rebalancing, or different tracking methods.
  • Regulatory uncertainty: As the regulatory environment for crypto investment funds changes, there may be uncertainties and dangers that could arise.

Does S&P 500 Affect Crypto?

Although there can be correlations between the performance of traditional markets like the S&P 500 and the cryptocurrency market, it’s important to keep in mind that cryptocurrencies operate independently and are subject to their own unique characteristics. Here are some points to consider regarding the relationship between S&P 500 and the cryptocurrency market:

  • Market sentiment and risk appetite: During times of economic or market unpredictability, investors may behave risk-aversely and seek safety in established markets like the S&P 500. This shift in attitude might impact the overall demand for cryptocurrencies, which could lead to a decrease in their price.
  • Investor behavior: Some investors might treat the cryptocurrency market and the S&P 500 as alternative assets, allocating money to both. In this situation, market changes in one asset class could impact the allocation choices and mood in another.
  • Institutional influence: As traditional financial institutions and institutional investors enter the cryptocurrency arena, their choices and actions there could indirectly affect the cryptocurrency market. Examples of these traditional markets include the S&P 500. Institutional mood and interest may impact how investors feel about the market as a whole.
  • Macro-factors: Both conventional markets and the cryptocurrency market can be impacted by economic data, monetary policy choices, and geopolitical events. Both markets may be affected by changes in interest rates, inflation, regulatory announcements, or developments in the global economy.

Are Crypto Index Funds Safe?

Like any investment, cryptocurrencies have inherent risks, and the safety of crypto index funds can vary depending on several factors. In general, factors including the administration of the fund, transparency, security precautions, and compliance with regulatory norms affect how safe crypto index funds are. 

Different jurisdictions have different laws governing crypto index funds, and following these laws can add more security. To evaluate a fund’s safety, investors should extensively research its reputation, performance history, and adherence to relevant legislation.

It’s crucial to remember that investing in crypto assets is always risky; therefore, people should carefully examine their risk tolerance and speak with financial advisors before making any decisions.


Investors can access the cryptocurrency market conveniently with the help of crypto index funds. Without the requirement for active management, these funds offer a passive investing method that enables anyone to take part in the future growth of the cryptocurrency business.

The goal of cryptocurrency index funds is to follow the performance of particular indices or market segments through expert management and recurring rebalancing. Although they come with costs and hazards, they can be a good choice for investors looking for more extensive cryptocurrency exposure.

However, before making an investment, people should do extensive research, think about their risk tolerance, and thoroughly evaluate the track record and regulatory compliance of the particular fund.


Are crypto index funds suitable for beginners? 

Crypto index funds can be suitable for beginners as they provide diversification and a passive investment approach. However, thorough research and understanding of the fund’s terms and risks are still important.


How can I invest in a crypto index fund?

To invest in a crypto index fund, you typically need to open an account with a platform or exchange that offers such funds. You can then purchase shares or units of the fund through the platform.

Do crypto index funds have fees? 

Yes, most crypto index funds charge management fees and expense ratios that cover the costs of portfolio management and operational expenses. It’s essential to review the fund’s fees and consider their impact on your investment returns.
Can crypto index funds guarantee profits? 

No investment can guarantee profits, including crypto index funds. Their performance is subject to the overall market conditions and the performance of the underlying index. It’s important to remember that past performance does not indicate future results, and investments in cryptocurrencies carry inherent risks.