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An algorithm is a step-by-step set of rules or instructions designed to solve a problem or perform a specific task in computing and mathematics. It’s a logical sequence outlining how to manipulate data, perform calculations, or execute operations to achieve a desired outcome.

Algorithms serve as the backbone of computer programs, dictating the process from input to output. They encompass various types, from sorting and searching to optimization and machine learning algorithms, each tailored to address specific computational challenges.

Algorithms play a fundamental role in problem-solving across industries, enabling efficient data processing, decision-making, and the development of sophisticated software applications.