The U.S. housing market has remained immune to the pandemic thanks to a short supply of residential properties and rising demand from people working from home.
In April, the S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller index recorded its biggest gain since December 2018 with home prices rising 4%. Sales of pending homes had shot up an impressive 44.3% in May as jobs started returning and mortgage rates remained low.
Still, the housing market may not be out of the woods yet as the pandemic continues to surge across the country.
Low mortgage rates should ideally lead to an increase in mortgage applications, but that has not been the case over the past two weeks. For the week ending June 26, mortgage applications fell 1.8%, according to data from the Mortgage Bankers Association. This was the second consecutive weekly decline in mortgage applications even though rates were at an all-time low of 3.29%.
This does not bode well for the U.S. housing market, which may have gotten ahead of itself despite the economic upheaval caused by the pandemic. Economists now believe that the fall in home prices may have been delayed instead of averted as the recent spike in infections is forcing potential buyers to have second thoughts.
Zillow reports that monthly home price growth slowed in May . The value of homes increased 4.3% year-over-year, a slight increase from April’s growth of 4.2%.
Prices rose even as the for-sale inventory of homes plunged 9.6% annually in May. Zillow estimates that home value growth could weaken further once the initial pent-up demand wanes and unemployment remains high.
Zillow’s senior principal economist Skylar Olsen pointed out that:
The next question housing will face is whether this growth can continue after demand built up during housing’s brief pause in the pandemic’s early days runs its course,” Zillow senior principal economist Skylar Olsen said in the report. “It’s likely housing will feel the broader economy’s downturn eventually, though to a mild degree, and home values will fall in the coming months.
Uncertainty hovers over the housing market as several states reconsider their decision to reopen amid the new wave of infections. This could hurt home buying sentiment. The economy may take longer to get back on track in such a scenario.
The Federal Reserve estimates that the U.S. economy could contract 6.5% in 2020 due to persistently high unemployment. There were doubts if reopening the economy would be enough. The latest developments add to those concerns.
Such factors indicate why expectations of a V-shaped housing recovery may be premature. The St. Louis Fed Financial Stress Index has started ticking up after hitting a trough in early June.
The potential of mortgage defaults next year also remains high as 8.8% of all active mortgages have entered forbearance.
Actual defaults could lead to higher foreclosure activity, which would increase the housing market supply. If that happens and demand remains low, then the price gains seen of late could evaporate quickly.