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Top 5 Bitcoin Miners To Watch Before The Halving

Last Updated March 28, 2024 12:17 PM
Andrew Kamsky
Last Updated March 28, 2024 12:17 PM

Key Takeaways

  • Bitcoin halving significantly impacts miners’ profitability and the supply of new Bitcoins.
  • Top miners adapt with efficient technology and strategies to maintain profitability.
  • Miner performance pre- and post-halving offers insights into Bitcoin’s network security.
  • Halving events can lead to industry consolidation and innovation in mining technology.

The Bitcoin halving event is a predetermined feature of Bitcoin’s blockchain protocol that occurs approximately every four years. After circa four years the rewards miners receive for adding new blocks to the blockchain get cut in half inducing a Bitcoin supply shock. 

The Bitcoin Halving Event And Its Impact On Miner Rewards

This significant event directly impacts miners’ profitability and constrains the supply of new Bitcoins entering circulation. As the reward decreases by half, the revenue for these miners drops instantly, and the operational costs remain constant or even increase, squeezing margins further. 

Additionally, miners in regions with high electricity prices may have to shut down mining operations until the market value of Bitcoin appreciates sufficiently to restore profitability. The halving underscores the competitive nature of Bitcoin mining, highlighting the necessity for continuous investment in efficient mining technology and strategies to adapt to the halving’s economic implications. 

Significance Of Top Miners

Over the last few years, cryptocurrency miners going public has accelerated, reflecting the growing mainstream acceptance and institutional interest in cryptocurrencies. As the industry grows, investors and enthusiasts are keeping an eye on strong players in the Bitcoin mining space.

Understanding the major players in Bitcoin mining ahead of the halving event offers insights into how the market might react to reduced miner rewards and the entities’ strategies for maintaining profitability in the face of halved rewards. Getting familiar with the strategy of these publicly listed miners will help investors and speculators to better understand Bitcoin’s price and overall network security.

The Top 5 Bitcoin Miners

Some of the most reputable public miners, delivering strong returns this year and showcasing their significant growth within the industry, include Bitfarms Ltd. (BITF), Marathon Digital Holdings (MARA), Bit Digital (BTBT), CleanSpark Inc. (CLSK), and Iris Energy (IREN). 

Each of these companies, known for mining operations and innovative clean energy solutions for cryptocurrency mining, stands at the forefront of the growing digital currency landscape. 

The mining industry’s impressive performance throughout the year not only shadows the bullish sentiment and vibrant nature of the cryptocurrency market but also highlights the compelling investment opportunities it presents.

In-Depth Review Of Top 5 Miners And Their Share Price Performance

Bitfarms Ltd. (BITF)

  • Hash rate share: One of the largest pure-play mining companies, boasting a significant share of the global hash rate.
  • Global location(s): Operates in several countries, including Canada, with plans for expansion into other regions.
  • Energy strategy: Committed to using renewable energy for its mining operations, aligning with its sustainability goals.
  • Publicly listed or privately held: Publicly listed on the NASDAQ, providing transparency and investment opportunities for the public.
  • BTC in Reserves: 804 BTC
Bitfarms Ltd. (BITF)
Bitfarms Ltd. (BITF)

Starting from a low base, Bitfarms Ltd. (BITF) underwent a rally in 2020, with the price soaring by 4164% over 396 days as depicted by the upward yellow arrow on the chart and sideways arrow for time, reflecting bullish momentum indicative of strong investor confidence and substantial buying interest likely correlating with the bullish sentiment in Bitcoin. 

The period of significant growth was eventually followed by a sizable correction phase, followed by another on-going rally by 582% over the subsequent 456 days starting in 2023. The trend continues to be strong, moving higher.

Marathon Digital Holdings (MARA)

  • Hash rate share: A major player in the Bitcoin mining industry, holding a considerable percentage of the global hash rate.
  • Global location(s): Primarily based in the United States with operations spread across strategic locations for optimal mining conditions.
  • Energy strategy: Focuses on securing agreements for low-cost, renewable energy sources while exploring opportunities to reduce its carbon footprint.
  • Publicly listed or privately Held: Publicly listed on the NASDAQ, allowing public investment and stakeholding in its mining ventures.
  • BTC in Reserves: 16,930 BTC
Marathon Digital Holdings (MARA)
Marathon Digital Holdings (MARA)

Beginning from a notably high price point in 2012, Marathon Digital Holdings Inc. (MARA) experienced a decline in share price by 99% over nine years and has since climbed back, as the upward yellow arrow on the chart illustrates, climbing by 6590% over four years since 2020. 

This upward trajectory reflects investor optimism and purchasing activity, which likely mirrors the positive market sentiment towards MARA and Bitcoin during this period. 

Bit Digital (BTBT)

  • Hash rate share: Has quickly grown to become one of the largest Bitcoin mining companies by hash rate, reflecting its significant contribution to the network.
  • Global location(s): While it started in Asia, Bit Digital has been expanding its operations to North America, diversifying its geographical footprint.
  • Energy strategy: Actively transitioning towards renewable energy sources to power its mining operations, emphasizing a commitment to environmental responsibility.
  • Publicly listed or privately held: Publicly traded on the NASDAQ, offering investors a chance to participate in its growth and performance through the stock market.
Bit Digital (BTBT)
Bit Digital (BTBT)

Bit Digital, Inc. (BTBT) saw a price fall in 2019 by 98% bottoming in 2020 and a bounce of 11,400% topping in 2021. It then corrected down again by 98% in 2023 over two years. 

The volatility in BTBT is extreme, yet despite the two drastic pullbacks, BTBT seems to have entered another growth phase, with the price currently climbing by 347% over 456 days, suggesting a possible renewal of investor confidence and market momentum, as Bitcoin enters its fourth halving. 

CleanSpark Inc. (CLSK)

  • Hash rate share: Notable for its innovative approach to mining, it commands a respectable share of the global Bitcoin mining hash rate.
  • Global location(s): Based in the United States, with a strategic focus on locations that offer cost-effective, renewable energy sources.
  • Energy strategy: Prioritizes the use of sustainable and renewable energy to power its mining operations, aiming to become a net-zero carbon emitter.
  • Publicly listed or privately held: Publicly listed company, providing an opportunity for investors to support a green mining operation.
  • BTC in Reserves: 4,218 BTC
CleanSpark Inc. (CLSK)
CleanSpark Inc. (CLSK)

CleanSpark Inc. (CLSK) presents another example of market volatility and resilience as illustrated above. Initially, the stock experienced an increase, denoted by the yellow upward arrow, soaring by 4523% over a period from 2013 to 2019. 

Following this surge, the stock faced a fall, plummeting by 99% finding a bottom in 2020, as highlighted by the downward yellow arrow and blue sideways arrow. 

Despite another drastic decline, CLSK has now experienced a noteworthy climb, marked by a 1906% increase since 2020, showcasing the company’s potential for recovery and the persistent investor interest in its market segment.

Iris Energy (IREN)

  • Hash rate share: An emerging player with a growing share of the global hash rate, emphasizing the scalability of its operations.
  • Global location(s): Has a presence in multiple countries, strategically selecting sites with access to renewable energy sources.
  • Energy strategy: Committed to 100% renewable energy for its Bitcoin mining operations, highlighting its dedication to sustainability.
  • Publicly listed or privately held: Publicly listed, allowing investors to contribute to a sustainable future in cryptocurrency mining.
Iris Energy (IREN)
Iris Energy (IREN)

Iris Energy Limited (IREN) saw a decline in price from its IPO in 2022 by 96% and finding a bottom in 2023. Following this substantial downturn, a noteworthy recovery is being experienced, with a 427% in price over the subsequent year and a half, illustrated by the upward yellow arrow. 

This rebound may indicate a revival of investor sentiment and a favorable market re-evaluation of the company’s prospects.

Share Price Behavior Of The Publicly Listed Mining Stocks

Upon examining the share price movements of the above leading publicly listed Bitcoin mining companies, a pattern emerges, particularly when market milestones such as Bitcoin halving events and the historical peaks and bottoms of Bitcoin’s price occur as turnaround points in holding Bitcoin mining company stocks.

Mining stocks have historically shown to rally in the lead-up to and aftermath of a Bitcoin halving, likely due to the Bitcoin bullish sentiment. This trend is mirrored at the height of Bitcoin’s market cycles, where share prices of mining stocks seem to find a top as they align with the Bitcoin all-time highs. 

Conversely, periods of market lows for Bitcoin are often a reason for a declining price for mining stocks, which can consolidate in response to the euphoric move upwards during bull markets and depressive phases during market downturns.

Bitcoin’s 2024 Price Surge to $70K And The Implications for Mining Sector Investment Strategies

When analyzing the trajectory of Bitcoin’s price in 2024, which bottomed out in December 2022 at circa $16K. Analyst can see that over the last year and a quarter, as BTC has increased in price to a record high of $70K, on the cusp of the fourth halving in 2024, there is potential for a parallel increase in the mining sector. 

Investment strategies can benefit from an understanding of Bitcoin’s cyclical trends, with a particular focus on the halving timetable and the associated bullish momentum. Finally, each of these mining entities has weathered severe downturns, making it clear that while the sector’s growth potential is high, it is still extremely volatile, necessitating a balanced approach to investment.

Factors Impacting Miners Pre-Halving

Bitcoin Price

The profitability of Bitcoin mining is closely related to the price of Bitcoin. As the halving event approaches, high Bitcoin prices can mitigate the reduced rewards, keeping mining operations profitable. Conversely, a low Bitcoin price could squeeze margins, pushing some miners to the brink, especially those with higher operational costs or less efficient equipment.

Operational Costs

Energy costs, hardware expenses, and the network’s mining difficulty will influence miner profitability. Energy costs can vary widely by region, affecting profitability based on energy costs. Miners who invest in new hardware will generate more efficient mining resulting in more transactions made with less energy, giving miners a competitive edge. 

Additionally, any adjustment to the mining difficulty algorithm, designed to maintain a consistent block time of around ten minutes as the collective computing power of the Bitcoin network changes, can pose additional operational challenges, particularly when mining rewards are cut in half.

Pre-Halving Strategies

In anticipation of the halving, miners might employ various strategies to buffer the impact of reduced rewards. Some may stockpile Bitcoin, betting on future price increases to offset the immediate drop in mining income. 

Others might diversify operations, investing in more energy-efficient mining rigs or exploring other revenue streams within the cryptocurrency ecosystem to maintain financial stability.

Potential Post-Halving Landscape


The halving could potentially lead to a consolidation in the mining industry. Smaller miners, grappling with reduced rewards and unable to compete with larger operations’ efficiency and scale, may exit the market or become acquisition targets. 

This consolidation could centralize mining power among fewer, larger entities, affecting competition and innovation within the sector. At this point, the mining difficulty algorithm in the Bitcoin protocol will kick in, where miners will be encouraged to rejoin the network to increase the network security.


The necessity to maintain profitability post-halving may accelerate the adoption of more efficient mining technologies. Miners will be incentivized to upgrade to newer hardware that offers better hash rates with lower energy consumption, pushing the industry towards more sustainable practices. 

This drive towards efficiency could also spur innovation in renewable energy sources for mining operations, contributing to a greener cryptocurrency ecosystem.

Network Security

There are concerns that the halving might affect the overall security of the Bitcoin network by reducing the incentive for miners to contribute their computational power. However, if Bitcoin’s price increases in response to the reduced supply of new coins, the rewards in fiat currency could remain attractive, keeping miners on the network. 

This interplay between miner profitability and network security will be important to watch in the aftermath of a halving, as a halving will influence not only miners’ decisions but also the broader perception and stability of Bitcoin as a secure digital asset.


The anticipation and aftermath of Bitcoin’s halving events significantly influence the profitability and operational strategies of miners, compelling them to innovate and adapt to the reduced rewards for their survival and sustained growth. Top Bitcoin miners like Bitfarms Ltd., Marathon Digital Holdings, Bit Digital, CleanSpark Inc., and Iris Energy are key to watch. These companies’ strategies and performance not only reflect the resilience necessary to succeed in the cryptocurrency mining sector but offer valuable insights into the broader implications of halving events on the digital currency landscape. 


How do halving events affect publicly listed Bitcoin mining companies?

Halving events halve the reward for mining new blocks, directly impacting the revenue of companies like Bitfarms and Marathon Digital Holdings. These companies must therefore innovate and optimize operations to maintain profitability despite reduced rewards.

What strategies might mining companies adopt in anticipation of the Bitcoin halving?

Leading miners may stockpile Bitcoin, invest in energy-efficient mining technology, or diversify their operations to buffer against the impact of the Bitcoin halving. Companies like CleanSpark focus on renewable energy sources to cut costs and boost margins.

Why are the operational strategies of top mining companies important to investors?

The operational strategies of top mining companies, such as Bit Digital and Iris Energy, reveal how they plan to sustain profitability post-halving. This information is important for investors assessing the long-term viability of these companies.

How can the performance of mining companies pre- and post-halving inform investment decisions?

The share price and operational performance of mining companies around halving events can indicate how well a company is positioned to handle reduced rewards. Successful navigation of these events might signal a strong investment opportunity.

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