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This Is Why the Dow Jones Crashed More Than 500 Points

Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:33 PM
Josiah Wilmoth
Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:33 PM
  • The Dow crashed more than 500 points on Friday.
  • The stock market’s most closely watched index has now declined since the start of 2020.
  • Here’s what catalyzed the Dow’s brutal decline.

After enduring a shellacking amid the coronavirus outbreak, things seemed to be looking up for the Dow Jones Industrial Average.

Encouraging comments from the World Health Organization calmed fears about the epidemic, sparking an aggressive stock market rally on Thursday afternoon.

In retrospect, all that did was tee the Dow up for an even more punishing decline on Friday morning.

U.S. Stocks Collapse After Airlines Halt China Flights

The stock market had already opened to sharp losses after global growth bellwether Caterpillar issued a foreboding assessment of the outlook for 2020.

But the Dow Jones crash really began to accelerate after multiple U.S. airlines suddenly suspended all flights between China and the U.S.

With the number of coronavirus cases in China ticking ever closer to 10,000, both Delta and American Airlines announced  that they would halt flights to China. Delta’s suspension will take effect next week and last through April 30, while American’s is effective immediately and in force through March 27 [ABC News].

Only one U.S. carrier – United Airlines – has yet to suspend its China flights. Its competitors’ announcements could increase the pressure for United to follow suit.

The news rocked a Dow Jones that had become prematurely complacent about the risks that the coronavirus outbreak present to the stock market.

Thursday’s late afternoon rally came after the World Health Organization labeled the epidemic a global health emergency . Markets had been bracing for that designation, but the WHO statement was far less alarmist than investors had expected.

Most importantly, the WHO did not recommend restricting travel to and trade with China.

The Committee does not recommend any travel or trade restriction based on the current information available.

But U.S. airlines aren’t taking any chances, and that fear is bleeding into financial markets as investors grapple with the potential economic fallout from the pneumonia-like virus.

Dow Crashes More Than 500 Points

The flight suspensions crushed an already-fragile Dow Jones Industrial Average. As of 12:38 pm ET, the Dow had crashed 519.54 points or 1.8% to 28,339.90.

dow jones industrial average crash, stock market
The Dow crashed more than 400 points on Friday. | Source: Yahoo Finance 

All but doomed to record its second straight weekly loss, the Dow’s year-to-date gains have completely vanished.

The S&P 500 plunged by 1.59% to 3,231.56.

The Nasdaq rounded out a catastrophic day on Wall Street with a decline of 1.32% to 9,175.86.

European stocks didn’t fare any better. Reports that coronavirus had arrived in the U.K. sent the FTSE 100 1.3% lower and the pan-European STOXX 600 more than 1% into the red.

Gold Shoots Higher as Yield Curve Inverts

The rabid flight from risk sent bond and gold prices spiraling higher, rocking Treasury yields and catalyzing an ominous yield curve inversion between the 10-year and 3-month notes.

treasury yield curve inverts
One part of the Treasury yield curve inverted on Friday. A yield curve inversion is often – though not always – a leading indicator of recession. | Source: St. Louis Fed 

The yield curve inversion – a classic recession signal – likely contributed to gold’s rally. The price of the yellow metal is up more than 4% since the beginning of January and continues to edge closer to $1,600.

gold price
The gold price is reveling in the stock market’s decline. | Source: Yahoo Finance 

The coronavirus outbreak continues to batter oil prices, which will likely fall for a fourth straight week. WTI crude futures slid 1.4% to $51.41 per barrel, while Brent crude dipped 0.34% to $58.09 per barrel.