Two of the blockchain hype bubble’s flagship companies now find themselves with new captains at their respective helms, after their CEOs stepped down days after being charged by U.S. regulators with perpetrating a $27 million penny stock scam.
Riot Blockchain, MGT Capital CEOs Named in SEC Complaint
John O’Rourke, who until this week led biotech-turned-cryptocurrency company Riot Blockchain, and Robert Ladd, the CEO of MGT Capital, were named as defendants in a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) complaint alleging that they and others orchestrated three “pump-and-dump” schemes to defraud investors. Neither Riot Blockchain nor MGT Capital was named in the complaint.
According to the SEC, O’Rourke, Ladd, and eight others -- including 81-year-old pharmaceutical billionaire Phillip Frost -- conspired to generate more than $27 million in unlawful stock sales by artificially driving up the prices of penny stocks and then selling these nearly-worthless shares at significant profit. The “primary strategist” behind these schemes was an investor named Barry Honig.
According to a Wall Street Journal report from earlier this year, Honig owned 9.9 percent of biotech company Bioptix prior to its October pivot to Riot Blockchain, which caused the firm’s shares to soar from $8 to $46 in a matter of weeks. By Jan. 2018, he had sold almost all of his shares, which, following the SEC’s announcement of charges against O’Rourke, are now worth just $4.27.
“When stock goes up, you take a profit. Every good investor does it,” Honig told the publication during the January interview.
The order does not charge the group with any malfeasance related to Riot Blockchain, but another company that made a high-profile cryptocurrency pivot does appear to make an uncredited cameo.
The McAfee Connection
Honig's WSJ profile notes that he at one point owned more than nine percent of MGT Capital, a gaming-turned-cryptocurrency company once purportedly led by John McAfee, though the SEC complaint suggests that Honig and his fellow fraudsters illegally misrepresented the size of their investments to make them appear smaller than they actually were.
While not listed by name, it appears from the complaint that Honig, O’Rourke, Ladd, and their compatriots involved MGT shares in their pump-and-dump scheme.
According to the order, O’Rourke, at Honig’s behest, took the lead in brokering a deal to purchase a company owned by an unnamed “Cybersecurity Innovator,” presumably McAfee, on behalf of one the pump-and-dump group’s penny stock portfolio companies:
“The proposed deal involved a well-known cybersecurity innovator who had created a popular antivirus software bearing his name ("the Cybersecurity Innovator"). O'Rourke took the lead at Honig's direction (and with the knowledge and consent of Groussman, Brauser and Stetson) in arranging a deal between Company B and the Cybersecurity Innovator. On March 29, 2016, O'Rourke sent the Cybersecurity Innovator a term sheet for the asset purchase of Cybersecurity Innovator's company, "CI Company," by an "NYSE listed company."
The deal was completed on May 8, 2016, the order notes, and the next day MTG Capital issued a press release titled, “John McAfee Returns to Public Markets as MGT Capital Agrees to Acquire Security/Privacy Technology.”
That announcement, compounded with dishonest promotion and manipulative stock trading, drove up the company’s stock price from $0.36 to $4.15 in less than two weeks. The conspirators collectively liquidated 9.3 million shares during that timeframe, netting more than $9.4 million.
Neither McAfee nor MGT was named as a defendant in the complaint. However, the company announced on Monday that Ladd had taken a leave of absence from the firm, even though both he and the board maintain that the SEC’s claims are “without merit.”
O’Rourke, meanwhile, has resigned from Riot Blockchain permanently and has been replaced by former COO Chris Ensey.
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