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Gold Price Rips Lower After Massive Selloff as Dollar Spikes, Dow Hovers Near All-Time High

Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:15 PM
Sam Bourgi
Last Updated September 23, 2020 1:15 PM
  • Gold plunged 1.5% on Tuesday as risk-off assets suffered.
  • U.S. services PMI improved more than expected in October, according to the Institute for Supply Management.
  • U.S. dollar hits three-week high against a basket of currencies.

The price of gold plunged on Tuesday, wiping out more than a week’s worth of progress as keener appetite for risk assets undermined precious metals. Meanwhile, the U.S. services sector rose more than expected in October, allaying fears of recession for the world’s largest economy.

Gold Price Plunges; Silver Follows

Futures on December gold delivery, the most actively-traded derivatives contract, plunged $23.30, or 1.5%, to $1,487.80 a troy ounce on the Comex division of the New York Mercantile Exchange. The yellow metal is on track for the lowest settlement since Oct. 22.

December gold futures
Gold futures approach multi-week lows after failure to hold $1,500. | Chart: barchart.com 

Silver futures also ripped lower, with the December contract falling 34 cents, or 1.9%, to $17.73 a troy ounce.

The gold-silver ratio that is used by investors to determine when to buy precious metals rose 0.6% to 84.02. That’s how many ounces of silver are needed to purchase one ounce of gold.

Dollar Surges

Precious metals sold off on Tuesday as the U.S. dollar strengthened to three-week highs against a basket of competitor currencies. The U.S. dollar index (DXY) jumped 0.5% to 97.96 for its second straight daily advance.

US Dollar Index
U.S. dollar index (DXY) extends recovery to two days. | Chart: Bloomberg 

The greenback continues to trade well below the multi-year high set in early October.

Conventional wisdom states that a stronger dollar makes buying gold and silver more expensive for foreign buyers of futures contracts. That’s why dollar-denominated precious metals often trade inversely with the U.S. currency.

U.S. Service Economy Strengthens in October

The Dow and broader U.S. stock market hovered close to all-time highs on Tuesday as investors reacted to better than expected services data from the Institute for Supply Management (ISM).

ISM’s monthly gauge of non-manufacturing activity  improved to 54.7 in October from 53.5 the month before. On the PMI scale, anything above 50 signals expansion in economic activity.

At current levels, the PMI data imply GDP growth of 2.1%, which is higher than the last two quarters.

Purchasing managers still expressed concerns about trade, geopolitics and labor shortages.

“Current outlooks for commodities, equipment, and materials indicate purchasing now has leverage. Investment is still hampered by uncertainties in trade, global economic environment, manufacturing and the like,” said one manager from construction.

From mining:

“Our business remains at the same level. There is no expectation for new orders, since clients normally do not make capital-expenditure decisions in the last quarter. Our only expectation is with regards to the U.S.-China trade deal outcome.”

A manager from accommodation and food services added that,

“Labor shortage remains a major factor in the increased cost of logistics.”

ISM’s report contradicted a separate PMI survey conducted by IHS Markit, which showed services activity weakened in October. Investors usually place greater emphasis on the ISM reading given the organization’s vast membership and accuracy in predicting GDP.