The Dow and broader U.S. stock market finished mixed on Wednesday after the Federal Reserve kept interest rates on hold in its first policy decision of 2020.
All of Wall Street’s major indexes traded in positive territory Wednesday afternoon before giving back gains later in the session. The broad S&P 500 Index of large-cap stocks settled down 0.1% at 3,273.40, with most of the losses concentrated in energy and consumer staples companies.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average finished up 11.60 points, or 0.04%, at 28,734.45. The blue-chip index was up more than 200 points earlier in the day.
Meanwhile, the technology-focused Nasdaq Composite Index advanced 0.1% to 9,27.16.
Members of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) voted on Wednesday to keep the target for the federal funds rate at 1.5% to 1.75%, unchanged from December. Central bankers remain dovish on interest rates despite signaling no more cuts for the rest of the year.
Before the decision, Fed Fund futures prices implied an 85% chance that rates would remain unchanged.
In reaching their decision, policymakers said “the labor market remains strong” and “economic activity has been rising at a moderate rate.” On the flip side, “household spending has been rising at a moderate pace, business fixed investment and exports remain weak” and “market-based measures of inflation compensation remain low.”
Although the Fed has tempered expectations about further rate cuts, traders aren’t buying it. Fed Fund futures prices imply 58.5% chance that rates will fall by the September FOMC meeting. That likelihood goes up to 65.2% in November.
The Fed may have put a temporary freeze on rate cuts, but it continues to prop up the financial system with fresh bursts of liquidity. On Tuesday, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York conducted its latest repo operation, adding $84.7 billion to the money markets.
As of last Wednesday, the Fed’s balance sheet was valued at $4.15 trillion, down $29.9 billion from the week before. The balance sheet stood at around $3.8 trillion in September just before the latest repo mania began.
Jerome Powell’s post-FOMC press conference rattled investors after the Fed Chair expressed concerns about the coronavirus epidemic.
“It’s a serious issue. There is likely to be some disruption of activity in China and probably globally,” Powell said, according to MarketWatch.
We’ll just have to wait to see what the effect is globally.
The death-toll from the flu-like illness has risen to 132, with more than 5,900 cases in China alone. In the United States, more than 100 people are being tested for the virus across 26 states.
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Last modified: June 24, 2020 1:05 AM UTC