It’s a tale of two stock markets out there. While retail investors have piled into equities with record interest, major money is pulling back.
That’s similar to the trading setup in January and February. This time, zero percent interest rates and government support may avoid another 30% drop, but it could still be dicey.
While retail investors are partying, the professionals are starting to worry. Their biggest concerns? A second wave of infections leading to new shutdowns , and, now, uncertainty surrounding November’s election.
As a result of those fears, the market has two big punches to worry about. First is the outright sale by major money. The second is the lack of support from Wall Street’s biggest cheerleader—corporations themselves.
Pension funds, for instance, pulled $119 billion in the first quarter of the year . An estimate from Goldman Sachs is that quarter-end rebalancing will lead to at least $76 billion in selling in the second quarter.
That’s because pension funds tend to act a bit more conservatively. Rather than buy options on penny stocks or bankrupt companies, they tend to have a mix of stocks and bonds.
That’s not a bad spot to be in. Based on market performance this year, a traditional 60-40 portfolio of stocks and bonds would be in the green .
And according to data from PNC , a return-driven pension plan would have lost less than 15% in the first quarter, about half as bad as the stock market.
And that’s assuming the bonds are in low-risk Treasury bonds rather than with a mix of higher-yielding fare.
That’s a lot of demand from major money. But it’s not the only source either. Companies have responded to economic uncertainty this year by pulling back on share buybacks.
This has been a significant source of demand, and share buybacks have helped keep a floor under share prices for years. In 2018 alone, share buybacks exceeded $800 billion.
However, that’s in the boom times.
In times of uncertainty, the cash going to share buybacks is best kept on the books, rather than retiring equity. In 2020, the number is likely to be less than half of last year’s based on what has been announced so far.
While some companies are quietly still buying back shares, most are holding back–just as they’re also suspending dividends.
With institutional investors on the sidelines, and with corporations sitting out on share buybacks, retail investors are left holding the bag.
While they can still impact the fortunes of some individual names, their combined firepower isn’t enough to prop up the entire market.
Are these factors enough to immediately tank the market? Probably not.
The gradual selling by major funds and a lack of share buybacks to boost a company’s earnings per share pose a risk to the market rally. The bright side? The market may end up grinding lower in the coming months without an extreme drop like last time.