Home Education What Is The Web3 Browser And How Does It Work?

What Is The Web3 Browser And How Does It Work?

Andrew Kamsky
Last Updated June 26, 2023 8:22 AM

Key Takeaways

  • Web3 represents the next phase of the internet, focusing on decentralization and user empowerment. 
  • Web3 browsers offer features like wallet integration, dApp access, and blockchain exploration.
  • Web3 browsers prioritize enhanced privacy features, encryption, and identity management tools.
  • While Web3 browsers face challenges such as usability barriers, scalability limitations, and security risks, they hold great potential for the future. 

Web3.0 represents the next phase of the internet, focusing on decentralization and user empowerment. Web browser is specifically designed to interact with decentralized applications (dApps) and blockchain networks. 

But what is Web 2.0 vs Web 3.0 browser? Well, Web3 evolved from previous web versions starting with Web 1.0, which primarily consisted of static informational web pages which lacked interactive elements and user-generated content. Web 2.0 began offering interactivity and an opportunity to source data collection by companies like Google and Facebook. 

Today Web3 serves as a gateway to a decentralized web, and Web3 browsers entrust users by allowing them to control their data and digital identities. Offering enhanced privacy, security, and transparency. Web3 browsers play a crucial role in shaping the future of online experiences.

Introduction To Web3 Browsers

Web3 browsers are at the forefront of reshaping the internet, promoting decentralization by offering users control of their online experiences. As the Web3 ecosystem continues to evolve, these Web3 browsers will be instrumental in driving the adoption of decentralized technologies and revolutionizing how people interact with the digital world.

Unlike traditional browsers like Chrome  or Firefox , Web3 browsers have enabled users to seamlessly integrate with various blockchain networks, allowing the ability to transact, communicate, and engage with decentralized platforms directly from the browser interface. 

Web3 browsers leverage protocols for decentralized file storage, enable secure transactions and identity verification and offer smart contracts for the autonomous execution of agreements. As a result, Web3 promises to secure digital identities and data, giving users greater privacy and security. They offer functionalities, such as built-in cryptocurrency wallets, identity management tools, and secure access to dApps.

Is Chrome A Web3 Enabled Browser?

Chrome is not inherently a Web3-enabled browser. Rather it is a traditional browser that does not have native support for Web3 functionalities, such as direct interaction with dApps and blockchain networks. However, users can access Web3 capabilities on Chrome by installing browser extensions or add-ons that provide Web3 functionality. 

These extensions extend to cryptocurrency wallets, access to decentralized exchanges. Popular Web3 browser extensions include MetaMask and Dapper. While Chrome can be used to access Web3 applications with the help of these extensions, the native functionality and focus of Chrome itself does not revolve around Web3.

Does Microsoft Support Web3?

Microsoft is actively involved in Web3 development and is working on integrating a Web3 wallet into its Edge  web browser. According to various sources, Microsoft is reportedly testing the integration of a crypto and non-fungible token (NFT) friendly Web3 wallet into the Edge browser. 

Microsoft’s Web3 wallet user interface indicates that the wallet will be non-custodial and embedded into Edge, allowing users to swap, send, and buy crypto assets. Microsoft’s initiative to integrate Web3 functionality into its browser could be a significant step toward the mass adoption of blockchain technology.

Does Safari Support Web3?

Safari does support Web3. Having said this, Safari version 16 is listed among the browsers that support BigInt , which is a JavaScript data type for storing large integer values, which is required by Web3Auth software developer kits (SDKs). However, it is worth noting that there have been some reports of compatibility issues  with specific versions of Safari in the past.

How Does The Web3 Browser Work?

Web3 browsers operate using some steps that enable users to access and interact with the decentralized web. Here is a breakdown of how a Web3 browser works:

  1. Installation: Users install a Web3 browser, such as MetaMask, which provides the necessary infrastructure for Web3 functionalities.
  2. Wallet setup: Users create a digital wallet within the Web3 browser. The wallet generates a unique address, which serves as the user’s identity on the blockchain.
  3. Blockchain connection: The Web3 browser connects to various blockchain networks, such as Ethereum, through network nodes. 
  4. Accessing dApps: Users can browse and access dApps through the Web3 browser’s integrated decentralized application stores or by directly entering the dApp’s URL.
  5. Transaction processing: The Web3 browser securely signs the transactions with the user’s private key and sends them to the blockchain network for processing.
  6. Blockchain verification: The Web3 browser verifies the transaction and provides real-time updates on transaction confirmations, ensuring transparency and trust.
  7. Secure storage: The Web3 browser securely stores the user’s digital assets, such as cryptocurrencies and NFTs, within the integrated wallet, ensuring protection against unauthorized access.
  8. Enhanced privacy: Web3 browsers prioritize user privacy by enabling users to control their data and digital identities. Offering features like private browsing, encryption, and identity management tools.

Examples Of Web3 Browsers


MetaMask  is a leading Web3 browser, offering wallet integration and seamless interaction with dApps. It serves as a digital wallet, allowing users to securely store and manage their cryptocurrencies. With multiple account support, users can conveniently switch between addresses. 

MetaMask acts as a bridge, facilitating secure communication with blockchain networks when accessing dApps. It prioritizes security and privacy, employing encryption and private browsing features. Compatible with traditional browsers, MetaMask extends Web3 accessibility. Empowering users in the Web3 ecosystem, MetaMask simplifies Web3 interactions and unlocks the benefits of blockchain technology.


Brave  browser is a privacy-focused Web3 browser with built-in wallet functionality. It supports decentralized protocols like IPFS  and WebTorrent, promoting a more open internet. Brave emphasizes user privacy by blocking invasive trackers and ads. Users can earn BAT tokens by opting into privacy-respecting ads or supporting content creators. With its focus on privacy, security, and blockchain integration, Brave offers a unique browsing experience.

Features And Functionality Of Web3 Browsers

Wallet Integration

Web3 browsers offer easy wallet integration, allowing users to manage their digital assets within the decentralized web. Users can create new wallets or import existing ones using mnemonic phrases or private keys. These browsers provide secure key management, enabling users to store and protect their private keys. 

When initiating transactions, users can securely sign them using their private keys, ensuring transaction integrity. Web3 browsers also facilitate token and asset management, allowing users to view balances, track transaction histories, and perform transfers or exchanges. These features enhance user control, security, and convenience in managing their digital assets within the Web3 ecosystem.

Decentralized Application Access

Web3 browsers act as gateways to dApps, simplifying user access and interaction. Users can connect to dApps through built-in functionality or by entering specific URLs. Once connected, users can execute transactions directly from the browser interface, such as sending cryptocurrencies or interacting with smart contracts. Web3 browsers securely handle transaction signing using the user’s private key. 

They also enable users to interact with smart contracts by triggering specific functions and accessing blockchain-stored data. Real-time transaction verification and status updates keep users informed about the progress and outcome of their interactions. 

dApp Marketplaces

Web3 browsers that feature dApps marketplaces foster innovation by providing a platform for developers to showcase their creations and receive feedback from the community. Users can explore diverse categories of dApps associated with finance, gaming, social networking, and more, all within the convenience of their Web3 browser. These stores contribute to a more inclusive, user-centric, and innovative web experience within the Web3 ecosystem.

Blockchain Explorers

By utilizing blockchain explorers within Web3 browsers, users can gain valuable insights into blockchain networks. They can track transactions, monitor wallet addresses, access network statistics, visualize blockchain data, and interact with smart contracts. These features enhance transparency, facilitate research, and empower users to explore and understand the workings of blockchain networks. 

In general, Web3 browsers offer following features:

Transaction Lookup 

Blockchain explorers enable users to search and view transaction details. Users can enter transaction hashes or wallet addresses to retrieve information such as the sender, recipient, timestamp, and transaction status. This feature helps users track the flow of funds and verify the integrity of transactions.

Address Tracking 

Users can explore specific wallet addresses using blockchain explorers. By entering a wallet address, users can see the transaction history associated with that address, including incoming and outgoing transactions. This feature is useful for monitoring account balances, tracking payments, and verifying the authenticity of wallet addresses.

Network Statistics 

Blockchain explorers provide real-time statistics about the blockchain network. Users can access information such as the total number of transactions, block height, mining difficulty, and network hash rate. These statistics offer insights into the overall health and performance of the blockchain network.

Advantages and Challenges of Web3 Browsers


  • Decentralization: Web3 promotes decentralization by reducing reliance on centralized entities, fostering a more democratic and inclusive online environment.
  • Enhanced privacy and security: Web3 technologies prioritize user privacy and data security, offering encryption, decentralized storage, and user-controlled identity management.
  • Interoperability: Web3 enables seamless interaction and interoperability between different platforms, applications, and blockchain networks, fostering collaboration and innovation.
  • Empowering users: Web3 empowers individuals by giving them greater control over their digital assets, data, and online identities, allowing for more user-centric and personalized experiences.


  • Usability barriers: Web3 browsers still face usability challenges, such as complex user interfaces and the need for technical knowledge, which hinders mainstream adoption.
  • Scalability limitations: The current blockchain infrastructure supporting Web3 browsers often struggles with scalability issues, resulting in slower transaction speeds and higher fees.
  • Security risks: While Web3 browsers prioritize security, the decentralized nature of the technology introduces new vulnerabilities, including potential smart contract bugs or hacks.
  • Lack of standardization: The Web3 ecosystem lacks standardized protocols and frameworks, making it challenging for developers to create compatible applications that work seamlessly across different browsers and blockchain networks.

The Future Of Web3 Browsers

The future of Web3 browsers holds the potential to become a standard tool for internet users. As the Web3 ecosystem continues to evolve, it is expected to see increased integration of Web3 functionalities into traditional browsers. This integration offers users access to decentralized applications, managing digital assets, and interacting with blockchain networks without the need for specialized Web3 browsers. 

Furthermore, emerging standards and protocols are being developed to enhance user experiences across different Web3 platforms. These advancements will contribute to the mainstream adoption of Web3 technologies and empower users with greater control over their data and digital interactions. 

With ongoing developments and collaborations, Web3 browsers are poised to shape the future of the internet and redefine the way we engage with online content and services.


What is the Web3 browser and how does it work?

Web3 browsers empower users by providing access to decentralized applications (dApps) and blockchain services, ensuring enhanced privacy, security, and transparency.

Is Chrome a Web3-enabled browser?

Chrome itself is not Web3-enabled, but users can add extensions like MetaMask to access Web3 functionalities.

Does Microsoft use Web3?

Microsoft is actively involved in Web3 development and is integrating a Web3 wallet into its Edge browser, potentially driving blockchain adoption.

Does Safari support Web3?

Safari supports Web3, but compatibility issues with specific versions have been reported in the past.