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What Is A Dynamic NFT (dNFT)?

Published July 6, 2023 10:05 AM
Alisha Bains
Published July 6, 2023 10:05 AM

Key Takeaways

  • Dynamic NFTs offer interactive and evolving digital assets, allowing for customization and user engagement.
  • dNFTs introduce new possibilities for creators and collectors, enhancing the utility and value of NFTs.
  • However, risks associated with dNFTs, such as scalability, intellectual property rights, and market volatility, should be considered.
  • The dynamic nature of dNFTs signals a promising future for innovation and creativity in the blockchain space.

Understanding Dynamic NFTs

A Dynamic NFT (dNFT) is a type of non-fungible token that incorporates interactive and programmable elements to enable it to change or adapt in response to user interactions or predetermined conditions. This increases the NFT’s value and functionality by allowing it to have dynamic attributes and behavior.

There are various properties of dNFTs, including:

Visual Elements

Visual elements in dynamic NFTs may evolve over time, implying that the NFT’s appearance, design, or associated artwork can be updated, changed, or animated. These visual alterations can give the NFT a dynamic and interactive character, boosting its aesthetic value and visual appeal.


Dynamic NFTs may have metadata, which is subject to change. Title, description, creator information, provenance, and other contextual data are examples of information that is included in the metadata. dNFTs enable the descriptive information linked to the NFT to be updated or revised, ensuring correctness, relevance, or even storytelling opportunities.


The characteristics of dynamic NFTs may be changed. Specific traits or characteristics connected to the NFT are referred to as attributes. These qualities are subject to programmatic modification based on predetermined guidelines or outside variables. The age, health, or behavior of a dynamic NFT that represents a virtual pet, for instance, might change over time to reflect the creature’s development or changing features.

Smart Contract Functionality

Dynamic NFTs can use the underlying smart contract capability to enable enhanced features. Within the NFT, smart contracts may be created to automate particular processes or behaviors. This enables dynamic changes in functionality, such as opening up new content, permitting interaction, or setting off particular events based on established criteria.

Working Mechanism Of Dynamic NFTs

Smart contracts and metadata are used by dynamic NFTs to implement their dynamic capabilities. Here is a description of how they function:

  • Smart contract creation: Developing a smart contract on a blockchain platform like Ethereum is the first step in the process. The logic and regulations governing the NFT’s dynamic behavior are specified in the smart contract.
  • Define metadata: The term “metadata” refers to information about the title, description, image, attributes, and any other pertinent specifics related to the NFT. This metadata gives background and details on the NFT.
  • Mint the dNFT: The metadata is linked to the smart contract to mint the dynamic NFT. By doing this, a special token with related properties is created on the blockchain.
  • Triggering events: The smart contract describes specific events or situations that set off dynamic changes in the NFT. These occurrences may involve predetermined interactions, recurring triggers, or outside inputs.
  • Event execution: The smart contract performs the predefined actions or functionalities when a triggering event occurs. These operations may involve changing the visual components, characteristics, states, or additional logic.
  • Updating metadata: The NFT’s related metadata may be updated when the smart contract performs the specified tasks. This enables modifications to the visual representation, properties, or other pertinent data of the NFT.
  • User engagement and interactivity: Dynamic NFTs can give users engaging interactive experiences. Users can engage with the NFT, cause things to happen, or participate in activities that change how the NFT acts or appears.
  • Verification and transparency: The blockchain guarantees the dynamic NFT’s immutability and transparency. A reliable history of the NFT’s development is provided by the blockchain, which records all alterations and transactions related to it.
  • Infrastructure and storage: It is possible to store the dynamic NFTs and the related metadata on-chain or off-chain. For smaller or simpler content, off-chain storage options or decentralized file systems can be used, while on-chain storage guarantees the immutability and accessibility of the NFT’s data.
  • Transfer and ownership: Users can purchase, sell, and transfer Dynamic NFTs. A transparent and secure transfer process is guaranteed by the blockchain’s recording of the ownership and transaction history of the NFT.

Benefits of Dynamic NFTs

dNFTs offer various benefits, as discussed below:

  • Increased engagement: Interactive and developing experiences offered by dynamic NFTs keep consumers interested and engaged over time.
  • Enhanced value proposition: NFTs’ dynamic properties enhance usefulness and utility, increasing their appeal and value to users and collectors alike.
  • Personalization and customization: Users can create distinctive and personalized digital assets using dynamic NFTs, which can be tweaked and adjusted to suit individual preferences.
  • Economic opportunities: Through continuous partnerships, royalties, or the commercialization of extra features, dynamic NFTs give authors access to new sources of income.
  • Innovation and creativity: Innovation and creativity are fostered by dynamic NFTs, which push the limits of what is conceivable with digital assets. They also encourage experimentation and creating new types of digital experiences and artwork.

Risks Associated With dNFTs

Despite the advantages, there are also risks associated with dynamic NFTs:

  • Technical difficulty: Implementing and managing dynamic functions within NFTs can be technically difficult and require knowledge of smart contract programming and blockchain development. Coding errors or weaknesses could result in security issues or ad hoc behavior.
  • Regulatory uncertainty: The regulatory environment governing NFTs is still changing, and dynamic NFTs add new difficulties to the situation. Dynamic NFT producers and users may face legal concerns due to ambiguity surrounding intellectual property rights, licensing, and compliance with current laws.
  • Data privacy concerns: Dynamic NFTs may entail the gathering and archiving of user data or interactions on the blockchain, raising concerns about data privacy. Concerns about data security and privacy must be addressed appropriately, ensuring that user data is safeguarded and handled in line with privacy laws.
  • Dependency on external services: Some dynamic NFT functions may depend on APIs or other external services. The functioning and usability of the dynamic NFTs may be affected if these services are interrupted, go offline, or change their terms.
  • User experience challenges: Users must be able to interact with and manage the NFTs’ dynamic functions, which may call for technical expertise or the use of different tools. Adoption and engagement might be hampered by ill-designed user interfaces or difficult-to-understand interactions.

Dynamic NFTs vs. Static NFTs


  • Dynamic NFTs: These NFTs have the capacity to alter and develop over time. Through smart contracts and other processes, they can include interactive elements, update their content, or react to outside factors.
  • Static NFTs: On the other hand, static NFTs have set characteristics and lack the ability to alter or update their content or behavior.


  • Dynamic NFTs: By enabling extra functionalities like interactive experiences, game components, unlocked content, or real-time data integration, dynamic NFTs offer greater utility. They provide users with more dynamic and engrossing experiences.
  • Static NFTs: Static NFTs are typically used as digital collectibles because they don’t have dynamic or interactive characteristics but instead reflect the ownership or authenticity of a particular object or asset.


  • Dynamic NFTs: dNFTs offer flexibility as they may adjust and react to shifting circumstances or user preferences. They provide personalization, customization, and the potential to gradually add new features or properties to the NFTs.
  • Static NFTs: After being created, static NFTs have no ability to change. Their characteristics and traits cannot be changed or altered because they are fixed.

Value Offering

  • Dynamic NFTs: By delivering dynamic and interactive experiences, dynamic NFTs offer distinctive value propositions. A wider range of users and potential consumers can be drawn in by their ability to provide continuing engagement, utility, and entertainment value.
  • Static NFTs: Static NFTs get their value from the significance of the underlying item they represent, whether its rarity or scarcity. The prestige of possessing a limited-edition digital item and its static nature are their main draws.

Developmental Difficulty

  • Dynamic NFTs: The creation of dynamic NFTs requires more intricate technological considerations, such as the use of smart contracts, APIs, or outside data sources. To successfully execute the dynamic functionalities, blockchain development, and coding expertise are required.
  • Static NFTs: Because they don’t require complicated functions or real-time interactions, static NFT creation is comparatively easier. They mostly need a digital asset or collectible represented on a blockchain.

Examples Of Dynamic NFTs

Dynamic NFTs have gained popularity in various industries, showcasing the potential for interactive and evolving digital assets. Here are some examples of dNFTs:


CryptoKitties is one of the earliest instances of dynamic NFTs.  Each CryptoKitty is an individual digital cat represented by an NFT, and they can be crossed to produce fresh kittens with diverse characteristics, making them dynamic and adaptable.

Axie Infinity

Axie Infinity is a blockchain-based game where players gather, reproduce, and engage in combat with artificial animals called Axies. The gameplay is dynamic and ever-evolving because each Axie is an NFT that can be taught, leveled up, and even bred to produce new Axies with distinct qualities.

Art Blocks

Art Blocks is a platform that displays generative artwork in the form of NFTs. Since each of these works of art is individually created using an algorithm, they may differ in terms of their use of colors, forms, patterns, or other visual components. Since these NFTs are generative, they are dynamic and constantly altering.


Rarible is a marketplace for dynamic NFTs that facilitates their creation and exchange. Artists and creators can issue NFTs with unlockable material, such as additional works of art, music, or virtual adventures, giving customers access to the NFT’s unique or developing features.

NBA Top Shot

As NFTs, users of NBA Top Shot can collect and exchange officially licensed NBA video highlights. These NFTs, which can range in scarcity and edition size, capture particular moments in basketball games. The option to examine the highlight and the associated statistics of the players involved adds a dynamic element.


Dynamic NFTs, which provide distinctive capabilities for personalization, interactivity, and dynamic content, represent an interesting advancement within the NFT sector. By enabling users to interact with and change their NFTs over time, they add a new level of engagement and utility to digital assets.

 Dynamic NFTs bring up a world of opportunities for creators and collectors alike, whether they work in the gaming, art, or collectibles industries. However, it is crucial to consider the risks and difficulties that come with it, including scalability, intellectual property rights, and potential market instability. 


What are Dynamic NFTs? 

Dynamic NFTs are non-fungible tokens that can change or update their properties over time, offering unique and evolving digital assets.


How do Dynamic NFTs work? 

Dynamic NFTs utilize smart contracts and metadata to enable programmable functionality, allowing for modifying their attributes, visuals, or underlying data.


What benefits do Dynamic NFTs offer?

Dynamic NFTs enhance user engagement, enable customization, introduce dynamic content, unlock interactive experiences, and provide opportunities for ongoing value creation.

What are the risks associated with Dynamic NFTs? 

Risks include scalability challenges, potential intellectual property disputes, market volatility affecting asset value, regulatory uncertainties, and reliance on underlying technology infrastructure.

What are some real-world examples of Dynamic NFTs?

Examples include art pieces that change based on external data, collectibles with evolving attributes or game functionalities, virtual land parcels with dynamic features, and interactive digital fashion items.