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Difficulty Adjustment

To maintain an average block generation time of approximately 10 minutes, Bitcoin features a difficulty adjustment algorithm. This algorithm dynamically alters the difficulty of the cryptographic puzzle miners must solve to validate blocks.

If blocks are being generated too quickly, the difficulty increases; if block generation slows, the difficulty decreases. This mechanism ensures consistent block production and predictable Bitcoin issuance, safeguarding the network’s stability and security against fluctuations in total mining power.