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Derivatives are financial instruments whose value is derived from an underlying asset. They serve as tools for hedging, speculation, or gaining exposure to various markets without owning the actual asset.

In traditional finance, derivatives include options, futures, swaps, and forwards, which allow investors to manage risk by locking in prices for future transactions, protecting against adverse price movements.

In the realm of cryptocurrencies, crypto derivatives have gained traction. These financial instruments derive their value from cryptocurrencies or tokens, enabling investors to speculate on their prices without owning them.

Crypto derivatives include futures contracts, options, swaps, and other structured products based on digital assets. They offer opportunities for traders to leverage positions, hedge against volatility, and access markets with increased liquidity.

However, the complexity of derivatives poses risks, including leverage-induced losses, market volatility, and regulatory uncertainties.

While they provide avenues for diversification and risk management, understanding their intricacies is crucial for responsible and informed trading in both traditional and crypto markets.