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India’s $1.24 Billion AI Mission: Plans to Build Sovereign Supercomputer with 10,000 GPUs

Last Updated March 8, 2024 5:59 PM
Samantha Dunn
Last Updated March 8, 2024 5:59 PM

  Key Takeaways

  • India is investing $1.24 billion in an AI mission to enhance its technological infrastructure and AI capabilities.
  • This includes significant investments into three additional key initiatives to nurture the AI ecosystem nationwide.
  • The construction of the supercomputer and the success of the broader AI initiatives hinge on effective public-private partnerships.

India’s government is investing $1.24 billion to enhance its AI capabilities, including building a supercomputer with over 10,000 GPUs.

This initiative, part of the “IndiaAI Compute Capacity,” aims to boost the nation’s technological self-reliance and democratize AI benefits.

India’s AI Mission Revealed

A comprehensive artificial intelligence (AI) initiative was approved by India’s government  on Thursday, with a budget of 103 billion Indian rupees ($1.25 billion).

“The India AI mission will establish a comprehensive ecosystem catalyzing AI innovation through strategic programs and partnerships across the public and private sectors,” a government statement said late on Thursday after a Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The plan also includes establishing the “IndiaAI Innovation Centre” to focus on indigenous AI models and a series of initiatives to support AI startups, improve datasets, and expand AI education.

While the supercomputer’s use of domestic technology remains uncertain, the push for local AI development, particularly in supporting India’s diverse languages, is a key goal. The government’s strategy reflects its ambition to foster a self-sufficient AI ecosystem while navigating its complex relationship with major tech companies.

Expanding AI Through Comprehensive Initiatives

India’s AI mission aims to foster an inclusive and self-reliant AI ecosystem in India, broadening its impact through three main initiatives.

The IndiaAI Startup Financing mechanism will accelerate the commercialization of AI innovations by providing streamlined funding to startups and industry-led projects, while the IndiaAI Datasets Platform initiative aims to enhance public sector datasets, supplying local AI companies and the government with the data necessary for developing relevant AI applications.

Providing access to AI education is the main focus of the AI FutureSkills program, which will establish Data and AI Labs across the nation to offer foundational courses, particularly in regions outside major cities.

Plans for A 10,000-GPU Sovereign AI supercomputer

Central to India’s AI strategy is the development of a cutting-edge supercomputer, which will be equipped with at least 10,000 GPUs. No further details were provided, however, the government indicated that the construction of this supercomputer will require a collaborative effort in the form of a public-private partnership.

According to India’s PSA office, AI expenditure  is projected to grow with a CAGR of 39% over the period 2019-2025 touching around US$ 11,781 million by 2025

The Indian government recently approved the establishment of three semiconductor manufacturing facilities, representing an investment exceeding $15 billion.

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