- The Dow surged at Monday’s opening bell, only to slide more than 250 points intraday to erase virtually all of the 290 point rally.
- The stock market retrace followed the release of dismal manufacturing data, which raised questions about the health of the U.S. economy.
- The S&P 500 rose to record highs.
The Dow and broader U.S. stock market advanced on Monday but failed to hold session highs, as lukewarm economic data continued to weigh on investor sentiment.
Dow Approaches Record High
All of Wall Street’s major indexes finished in positive territory. After rallying as much as 290 points, the Dow Jones Industrial Average pared gains to close up 117.47 points, or 0.4%, at 26,717.43.
The broad S&P 500 Index of large-cap stocks advanced 0.8% to 2,964.33, a new record high. Gains were concentrated in nine of 11 primary sectors, with information technology leading.
Surging technology shares helped the Nasdaq Composite Index add 1.1%, where it closed at 8,091.16.
U.S. Manufacturing Sector Barely Grows in June
The U.S. manufacturing sector narrowly avoided a downturn at the end of the second quarter, as new orders returned to growth.
IHS Markit’s U.S. manufacturing purchasing managers index (PMI) improved to 50.6 in June from an upwardly revised 50.5 in May. Analysts in a median estimate were expecting a June reading of 50.1.
On the PMI scale, 50 separates expansion from contraction.
U.S. manufacturers are stagnating due to increasing cost burdens, trade-related uncertainty, and dismal new-order growth. As a result, manufacturing employment grew at the slowest pace since August 2016.
June was a dismal month of hiring overall. Employers added just 75,000 workers to payrolls last month, one of the weakest hiring rates since the financial crisis.
“U.S. manufacturers reported business conditions to have remained the toughest for nearly a decade in June,” Chris Williamson, IHS Markit’s chief business economist, said in a statement. “The past two months have seen the lowest readings since the height of the global financial crisis in 2009.”
A separate PMI report from the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) showed slightly better manufacturing conditions, but not by much. The ISM manufacturing PMI weakened to 51.7 in June from 52.1 the month before.